Etude du comportement magnétique et spectral de l'effet Faraday dans des oxydes métalliques dopés par des nanoparticules magnétiques de ferrite de cobalt

Abstract : This work is dedicated to the study of the magneto-optical properties of cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles (NP) dispersed in liquid as ferrofluid, or blocked in a solid silica matrix realized with a sol-gel method. This last dispersion is a magneto-optical composite material, obtained with a low temperature process which insures its compatibility with photonic integration technologies, to produce, in the future, integrated non-reciprocal devices. The aim of the study is, on one hand, to identify which kind of NP can improve the Faraday effect and the merit factor (ratio between the Faraday effect and the absorption) of the composite material. On the other hand, the aim is to give a better understanding of the link between the magneto-optical properties and the physical characteristics of the NP. The study has been led on NP synthetized and dispersed as ferrofluid in PHENIX laboratory (UMR CNRS 8234). Optical and magneto-optical measurements were made in Hubert Curien laboratory (UMR CNRS 5516) and completed by XMCD analysis in Synchroton SOLEIL. Results show that it is necessary to use a small size of NP (5 nm) to maximize the merit factor at a wavelength of 1,5 µm. The spectral analysis of the Faraday effect shows the influence of the cationic distribution of Co2+ et Fe3+ in the spinelle structure. Coupled to XMCD results, this analysis shows that it is necessary to maximize the quantity of Co2+ in tetraedric sites to maximize the Faraday effect at 1,5 µm and to obtain an uniaxial anisotropy which allows to orientate the NP during the gelification of the sol-gel matrix
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Lamaï Nandiguim. Etude du comportement magnétique et spectral de l'effet Faraday dans des oxydes métalliques dopés par des nanoparticules magnétiques de ferrite de cobalt. Optique / photonique. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSES015⟩. ⟨tel-02066362⟩

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