Al/Mo/SiC multilayer gratings with braodband efficiency for EUV applications - Institut d'Optique Graduate School Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2022

Al/Mo/SiC multilayer gratings with braodband efficiency for EUV applications

Abstract

Multilayer interference coatings can be used to improve the efficiency of reflective diffraction grating in the soft x-ray [1] [2] and in the extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) [3] spectral domains. By matching multilayer Bragg interference and grating diffraction conditions, one can achieve high spectral resolution (λ/∆λ > 1000) with efficiencies similar to the one of the multilayer coating. Such multilayer gratings are of particular interest to develop high efficiency and high resolution EUV Spectro-imager instruments. In this work, we optimized and studied SiC/Mo/Al periodic multilayer on fused silica gratings with trapezoidal shape in order to reach a maximum 1st order efficiency at wavelengths ranging from 25 nm to 29 nm, a region of particular interest for solar corona spectro-imaging. Multilayers with different number of periods have been deposited on 3600l/mm grating substrates by magnetron sputtering. All grating samples have been characterized by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) to determine the intial profile before deposition and the change of profile after deposition. We have also characterized the grating samples before and after deposition by using grazing incidence x-ray reflectometry at 8.05 keV to get further information on grating and multilayer structural parameters. Moreover, the reflection of the grating after the deposition has been measured by monochromatic synchrotron radiation on the XUV Metrology beamline at Soleil synchrotron. The results are in good agreement with the simulations made with a homemade Matlab code based on Rigorous coupled-wave Analysis (RCWA) and using structural parameters determined by AFM. The measured first-order efficiency reachs a maximum of about 9.3% at 27 nm, which exceeds previously published results by Seely et al. [3].
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Dates and versions

hal-04550100 , version 1 (17-04-2024)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-04550100 , version 1

Cite

A.H.K. Mahmoud, Sébastien De Rossi, Evgueni Meltchakov, Irène Papagiannouli, Blandine Capitanio, et al.. Al/Mo/SiC multilayer gratings with braodband efficiency for EUV applications. Journée Couches Minces Optiques, COMET OOE du CNES; Société Française d'Optique, May 2022, Toulouse, France. ⟨hal-04550100⟩
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