Tm:CALGO lasers at 2.32 µm: cascade lasing and upconversion pumping - Institut d'Optique Graduate School Access content directly
Journal Articles Optics Express Year : 2023

Tm:CALGO lasers at 2.32 µm: cascade lasing and upconversion pumping

Zhongben Pan
Hongwei Chu
Dechun Li
Patrick Georges
Frédéric Druon

Abstract

We report on the first laser operation of a disordered Tm:CaGdAlO 4 crystal on the 3 H 4 → 3 H 5 transition. Under direct pumping at 0.79 µm, it generates 264 mW at 2.32 µm with a slope efficiency of 13.9% and 22.5% vs. incident and absorbed pump power, respectively, and a linear polarization (σ). Two strategies to overcome the bottleneck effect of the metastable 3 F 4 Tm 3+ state leading to the ground-state bleaching are exploited: cascade lasing on the 3 H 4 → 3 H 5 and 3 F 4 → 3 H 6 transitions and dual-wavelength pumping at 0.79 and 1.05 µm combining the direct and upconversion pumping schemes. The cascade Tm-laser generates a maximum output power of 585 mW at 1.77 µm (3 F 4 → 3 H 6) and 2.32 µm (3 H 4 → 3 H 5) with a higher slope efficiency of 28.3% and a lower laser threshold of 1.43 W, out of which 332 mW are achieved at 2.32 µm. Under dual-wavelength pumping, further power scaling to 357 mW at at 2.32 µm is observed at the expense of increased laser threshold. To support the upconversion pumping experiment, excited-state absorption spectra of Tm 3+ ions for the 3 F 4 → 3 F 2,3 and 3 F 4 → 3 H 4 transitions are measured for polarized light. Tm 3+ ions in CaGdAlO 4 exhibit broadband emission at 2.3-2.5 µm making this crystal promising for ultrashort pulse generation.
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Dates and versions

hal-04247661 , version 1 (18-10-2023)

Identifiers

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Hippolyte Dupont, Pavel Loiko, Aleksey Tyazhev, Luidgi Giordano, Zhongben Pan, et al.. Tm:CALGO lasers at 2.32 µm: cascade lasing and upconversion pumping. Optics Express, 2023, 31 (12), pp.18751-18764. ⟨10.1364/oe.487590⟩. ⟨hal-04247661⟩
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