Dual-wavelength-pumping of mid-infrared Tm:YLF laser at 2.3 µm: demonstration of pump seeding and recycling processes - Institut d'Optique Graduate School Access content directly
Journal Articles Optics Express Year : 2022

Dual-wavelength-pumping of mid-infrared Tm:YLF laser at 2.3 µm: demonstration of pump seeding and recycling processes

Abstract

Upconversion pumping of thulium lasers emitting around 2.3 µm (the 3 H 4 → 3 H 5 transition) has recently attracted a lot of attention as it is compatible with the mature Yb-laser technology. To explore this possibility, we built a mid-infrared Tm:LiYF 4 laser pumped by an Yb:CaF 2 laser at 1.05 µm delivering an output power of 110 mW at 2.31 µm for a maximum incident pump power of 2.0 W. A strong absorption issue appeared in the Tm laser: the slope efficiency vs. the incident pump power was 7.6% while that vs. the absorbed pump power reached 29%. To overcome this issue, a dual-wavelength pumping at 0.78 µm and 1.05 µm was explored (combining both the direct and upconversion pumping schemes). The reciprocal interplay between the two pumps was studied to evaluate their benefits in terms of the pump absorption and laser efficiency. We observed an interesting decrease of the laser threshold for upconversion pumping when adding a small fraction of the direct pump revealing a seeding effect for the excited-state absorption from the metastable 3 F 4 level. A recycling process of this manifold by excited-state absorption in the 3 F 4 → 3 F 2,3 loop was also observed. The pump absorption seeding is a viable route for the development of low-threshold upconversion pumped thulium lasers.
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Dates and versions

hal-03798899 , version 1 (05-10-2022)

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Cite

Hippolyte Dupont, Lauren Guillemot, Pavel Loiko, Alain Braud, Jean-Louis Doualan, et al.. Dual-wavelength-pumping of mid-infrared Tm:YLF laser at 2.3 µm: demonstration of pump seeding and recycling processes. Optics Express, 2022, 30 (18), pp.32141. ⟨10.1364/OE.468695⟩. ⟨hal-03798899⟩
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