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Vibration mitigation in adaptive optics control

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Abstract

Perturbations affecting image formation on ground-based telescopes are composed of signals that are not only generated by the atmosphere. They often include vibrations induced by wind excitation on the system's structure, or induced by other sources of excitation like cryo-coolers, shutters, etc. Using state-space control design techniques (e.g., LQG control), efficient perturbation compensation can be obtained in adaptive optics systems. This requires in return an accurate dynamical perturbation model with manageable complexity. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how tip/ tilt state-space models can be constructed and identified from wavefront sensor (WFS) measurements and used for tip/ tilt correction. Several off-the-shelf time-domain identification approaches are considered, ranging from techniques such as subspace identification to extended Kalman filter. Results are compared with controllers that do not account for vibrations, like an integrator or an MMSE reconstructor. Performance improvement is illustrated by replay with on-sky data sets from Gemini South (GeMS and Altair).
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Dates and versions

hal-01723093 , version 1 (05-03-2018)

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Caroline Kulcsár, Paolo Massioni, Gaetano Sivo, Henri-François Raynaud, Brent Ellerbroek, et al.. Vibration mitigation in adaptive optics control. SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, Adaptive Optics Systems III, Sep 2012, Amsterdam, Netherlands. pp.84470Z ⟨10.1117/12.926050⟩. ⟨hal-01723093⟩
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