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Conference Papers Year : 2017

Revisiting quantum optics with surface plasmons (Orale)


Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) result from collective oscillations of free electrons coupled to an electromagnetic field at a plane interface between a metal and a dielectric medium. As photons, SPPs can be considered either as waves or as bosonic particles [1] and they can experience striking quantum interferences such as Hong-Ou-Mandel (HOM) effect [2]. We use in this paper a plasmonic platform (Fig.1) that can convert photons into plasmons, and separate or recombine them on a plasmonic beamsplitter [3]. Single SPPs are excited using single photons created by parametric down conversion into a periodically-poled KTP crystal. The platform is placed in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer in order to vary the path difference between SPPs before impinging on the beamsplitter. The setup allows us to revisit quantum optics experiments using SPP as carriers of the quantum of energy. Using the same device, we can test the wave-particle duality, two-particle (HOM) interference and non-local control of single plasmon interference using the entanglement between a photon and a SPP [4]. In the case of the HOM experiment, we demonstrate that the losses can be used as a new degree of freedom [5]. Playing with the dephasing between transmission and reflection coefficient of the beamsplitter, we can observe a peak instead of the usually expected dip in the HOM interference (Fig.2), i.e. an anti-coalescence effect of SPP. In this talk, we will introduce the plasmonic device main features as well as the different quantum plasmonics experiments that have been performed thanks to the SPP beamsplitter. These results are essential to understand the SPP quantum behavior or to develop hybrid plasmon-photon systems for potential future applications in quantum communication mediated by SPP. [1] JM Elson and R.H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. B 4, 4129 (1971) [2] J.S. Fakonas et al., Nat. Phot. 8, 317 (2014) [3] M.C. Dheur et al. , Sc. Advances 2, e151574 (2016) [4] M.C. Dheur et al. ArXiv 1610.07493, B. Vest et al. ArXiv 1610.07479 [5] S. Barnett et al., Phys. Rev. A 57, 2134 (1998) Fig.1: Plasmonic platform used for the quantum optics experiment (B). It consists in two SPP launchers (A), a plasmonic beamsplitter, and two slits to convert SPP to photons in the glass substrate. The plasmonic interference can thus be probed using single photon counting modules. Fig2: HOM experiment on a lossy plasmonic beamsplitter, whose complex amplitude reflection and transmission factors are denoted r and t respectively. The usual HOM dip is observed when r = it (left), a peak in the coincidence rate is shown when r = t.
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hal-01667293 , version 1 (19-12-2017)


  • HAL Id : hal-01667293 , version 1


F. Marquier, Marie-Christine Dheur, B. Vest, E. Devaux, T. Ebbesen, et al.. Revisiting quantum optics with surface plasmons (Orale). 47 th Winter Colloqium on the Physics of Quantum Electronics (PQE-2017), Jan 2017, Utah, United States. ⟨hal-01667293⟩
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