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Quenching, Plasmonic, and Radiative Decays in Nanogap Emitting Devices

Abstract : By placing a quantum emitter in the mouths of nanogaps consisting of two metal nanoparticles nearly in contact, significant increases in emission rate are obtained. This mechanism is central in the design of modern plasmonic nanoantennas. However, due to the lack of general knowledge on the balance between the different decay rates in nanogaps (emission, quenching, and metal absorption), the design of light-emitting devices based on nanogaps is performed in a rather hazardous fashion; general intuitive recipes do not presently exist. With accurate and simple closed-form expressions for the quenching rate and the decay rate into gap plasmons, we provide a comprehensive analysis of nanogap light-emitting devices in the limit of small gap thickness. We disclose that the total decay rate in gap plasmons can largely overcome quenching for specifically selected metallic and insulator materials, regardless of the gap size. To confront these theoretical predictions, we provide a comprehensive numerical analysis of nanocube-type antennas in the limit of small gap thickness and further provide upper bounds for the photon-radiation efficiency.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 14, 2016 - 2:19:44 PM
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Rémi Faggiani, Jianji Yang, Philippe Lalanne. Quenching, Plasmonic, and Radiative Decays in Nanogap Emitting Devices. ACS photonics, American Chemical Society,, 2015, 2 (12), pp.1739−1744. ⟨10.1021/acsphotonics.5b00424⟩. ⟨hal-01381391⟩



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