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Enhanced nonlinear interaction in a microcavity under coherent excitation

Abstract : The large field enhancement that can be achieved in high quality factor and small mode volume photonic crystal microcavities leads to strengthened nonlinear interactions. However, the frequency shift dynamics of the cavity resonance under a pulsed excitation, which is driven by nonlinear refractive index change, tends to limit the coupling efficiency between the pulse and the cavity. As a consequence, the cavity enhancement effect cannot last for the entire pulse duration, limiting the interaction between the pulse and the intra-cavity material. In order to preserve the benefit of light localization throughout the pulsed excitation, we report the first experimental demonstration of coherent excitation of a nonlinear microcavity, leading to an enhanced intra-cavity nonlinear interaction. We investigate the nonlinear behavior of a Silicon-based microcavity subject to tailored positively chirped pulses, enabling to increase the free carrier density generated by two-photon absorption by up to a factor of 2.5 compared with a Fourier-transform limited pulse excitation of equal energy. It is accompanied by an extended frequency blue-shift of the cavity resonance reaching 19 times the linear cavity bandwidth. This experimental result highlights the interest in using coherent excitation to control intra-cavity light-matter interactions and nonlinear dynamics of microcavity-based optical devices.
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https://hal-iogs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01306785
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Submitted on : Monday, April 25, 2016 - 3:17:08 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 6, 2020 - 4:30:49 PM
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Samuel Serna, Jérémy Oden, Marc Hanna, Charles Caer, Xavier Le Roux, et al.. Enhanced nonlinear interaction in a microcavity under coherent excitation. Optics Express, Optical Society of America - OSA Publishing, 2015, 23 (23), pp.29964. ⟨10.1364/OE.23.029964⟩. ⟨hal-01306785⟩

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