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Analogs to the dynamical Casimir effect in Bose-Einstein condensates (Orale)

Christoph I Westbrook 1 
1 Laboratoire Charles Fabry / Optique atomique
LCF - Laboratoire Charles Fabry
Abstract : It is a remarkable prediction of quantum field theory that the vacuum can generate real particles when boundary conditions are suddenly changed. Thus the 'dynamical Casimir effect' results in the spontaneous generation of photon pairs in an empty cavity with nonuniformly accelerating boundaries. Recent advances have permitted the realization of this effect, or analogs to it in a variety of systems, some of which will be discussed at this workshop. Bose Einstein condensates are attractive candidates in which to study acoustic analogs to such phenomena because their low temperatures promise to reveal quantum effects. I will discuss a recent experiment in our group to realize an acoustic analog to the dynamical Casimir effect by modulating the confinement of a Bose-Einstein condensate. We observe correlated pairs of Bogoliubov quanta, both phonon-like and particle-like, are excited by this modulation in a process that formally resembles parametric down conversion. I will discuss our current ideas on how to observe and quantify the degree of entanglement in the excitations we observe.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 27, 2013 - 5:56:15 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 11:06:35 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-00839343, version 1



Christoph I Westbrook. Analogs to the dynamical Casimir effect in Bose-Einstein condensates (Orale). Relativistic Quantum Information - North, Jun 2013, Nottingham, United Kingdom. ⟨hal-00839343⟩



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