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Journal Articles Physical Review A : Atomic, molecular, and optical physics Year : 2013

Two-Photon Counting interferometry

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Abstract

Two-photon counting (TPC) interferometry has been realized by measuring the electrical current due to two-photon absorption in the space charge layer of a semiconductor detector located at the output port of an interferometer. We apply this technique to study the correlation properties of twin beams issued from parametric fluorescence. We describe in details how the different second-order correlation functions (interbeam, intrabeam) can be extracted at the femtosecond timescale from raw data. The values of these correlation functions determined by our experiments are in excellent agreement with theory. More precisely, extrabunching in twin beams is unambiguously demonstrated and theoretically described using two models: a comprehensive multimode quantum optics model and a simpler classical stochastic approach. Given the high brightness of our twin-beam source, both theories yield similar results. Finally, convenient analytical expressions of the correlation functions were derived from both theories, expressions in which we have been able to relate specific terms to accidental and exact coincidences between photons. Two-photon interferometry thus determines to which extent twin photons are twin. This technique should become a useful tool for future quantum optics developments.
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Dates and versions

hal-00811405 , version 1 (10-04-2013)

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Fabien Boitier, Antoine Godard, Nicolas Dubreuil, Philippe Delaye, Claude Fabre, et al.. Two-Photon Counting interferometry. Physical Review A : Atomic, molecular, and optical physics, 2013, 87 (1), pp.013844. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.87.013844⟩. ⟨hal-00811405⟩
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