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Dynamics of a cold atom cloud in an anharmonic trap

Andrea Bertoldi 1, * L. Ricci 2
* Corresponding author
1 laboratoire Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique / Optique atomique
LCFIO - Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique
Abstract : A combined gravitomagnetic trap was used to measure how the anharmonicity of a trapping potential affects the dynamics of a cold atomic cloud. A displacement of the effective potential minimum as a function of the ensemble temperature was observed. The effect is a direct consequence of the thermal nature of the atomic sample. The results of both a theory approach to the dynamical evolution of the atomic cloud and a numerical simulation are in very good agreement with the experimental observations. The effect can be exploited to devise a novel measurement technique for the temperature of a trapped atomic cloud, as well as to separate thermal and condensed phases in Bose-Einstein condensation experiments.
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Andrea Bertoldi, L. Ricci. Dynamics of a cold atom cloud in an anharmonic trap. Physical Review A, American Physical Society, 2010, 81, pp.063415. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.81.063415⟩. ⟨hal-00628524⟩

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