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Unexpected Benefits of Multiport Synchrotron Microbeam Radiation Therapy for Brain Tumors

Abstract : Simple Summary: We unveiled the potential of an innovative irradiation technique that ablates brain cancer while sparing normal tissues. Spatially fractionating the incident beam into arrays of micrometer-wide beamlets of X-rays (MRT for Microbeam Radiation Therapy) has led to significantly increased survival and tumor control in preclinical studies. Multiport MRT versus conventional irradiations, for the same background continuous dose, resulted in unexpectedly high equivalent biological effects in rats that have not been achieved with any other radiotherapeutic method. These hallmarks of multiport MRT, i.e., minimal impact on normal tissues and exceptional tumor control, may promote this method towards clinical applications, possibly increasing survival and improving long-term outcomes in neuro-oncology patients. Delivery of high-radiation doses to brain tumors via multiple arrays of synchrotron X-ray microbeams permits huge therapeutic advantages. Brain tumor (9LGS)-bearing and normal rats were irradiated using a conventional, homogeneous Broad Beam (BB), or Microbeam Radiation Therapy (MRT), then studied by behavioral tests, MRI, and histopathology. A valley dose of 10 Gy deposited between microbeams, delivered by a single port, improved tumor control and median survival time of tumor-bearing rats better than a BB isodose. An increased number of ports and an accumulated valley dose maintained at 10 Gy delayed tumor growth and improved survival. Histopathologically, cell death, vascular damage, and inflammatory response increased in tumors. At identical valley isodose, each additional MRT port extended survival, resulting in an exponential correlation between port numbers and animal lifespan (r(2) = 0.9928). A 10 Gy valley dose, in MRT mode, delivered through 5 ports, achieved the same survival as a 25 Gy BB irradiation because of tumor dose hot spots created by intersecting microbeams. Conversely, normal tissue damage remained minimal in all the single converging extratumoral arrays. Multiport MRT reached exceptional similar to 2.5-fold biological equivalent tumor doses. The unique normal tissue sparing and therapeutic index are eminent prerequisites for clinical translation.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03326627
Contributor : Béatrice Rayet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, July 15, 2022 - 9:12:16 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 15, 2022 - 9:22:16 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, October 17, 2022 - 2:56:07 PM

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cancers_13_936.pdf
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Laura Eling, Audrey Bouchet, Alexandre Ocadiz, Jean-François Adam, Sarvenaz Kershmiri, et al.. Unexpected Benefits of Multiport Synchrotron Microbeam Radiation Therapy for Brain Tumors. Cancers, 2021, 13 (5), pp.936-1-936-15. ⟨10.3390/cancers13050936⟩. ⟨hal-03326627⟩

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