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Recovery of the Island of Saint Martin after Hurricane Irma: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Abstract : This study focuses on the ongoing recovery of the French part of the island of Saint Martin following Hurricane Irma in September 2017. The recovery of this semi-autonomous territory is a major challenge for local authorities and the French state. Based on the hypothesis that the consequences of natural disaster would be an opportunity for a territory to build back better, this study aims to understand the recovery trajectory that is underway on the island of Saint Martin 2 years after Hurricane Irma. Our analysis of Saint Martin's recovery from natural hazards is based on three factors: (1) the historical context and the evolution of building construction over the past 70 years; (2) the organization of local and national authorities; (3) the perception of the situation by the population. This original interdisciplinary approach of the post-disaster recovery phase provides a better understanding of the complexity of this period. The results of this study and the cross-analysis of these three methods highlight the causal links between the governance of the reconstruction, the psycho-sociological recovery of the disaster victims, and the history of the urbanization of an island exposed to natural hazards.
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Gwenaël Jouannic, Anaïs Ameline, Kelly Pasquon, Oscar Navarro, Chloé Tran Duc Minh, et al.. Recovery of the Island of Saint Martin after Hurricane Irma: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Sustainability, MDPI, 2020, 12 (20), pp.8585. ⟨10.3390/su12208585⟩. ⟨hal-02970796⟩



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