Historical perspective Probing the threshold of membrane damage and cytotoxicity effects induced by silica nanoparticles in Escherichia coli bacteria

Abstract : The engineering of nanomaterials, because of their specific properties, is increasingly being developed for commercial purposes over the past decades, to enhance diagnosis, cosmetics properties as well as sensing efficiency. However, the understanding of their fate and thus their interactions at the cellular level with bio-organisms remains elusive. Here, we investigate the size-and charge-dependence of the damages induced by silica nanoparticles (SiO 2-NPs) on Gram-negative Escherichia coli bacteria. We show and quantify the existence of a NPs size threshold discriminating toxic and inert SiO 2-NPs with a critical particle diameter (Φ c) in the range 50nm–80nm. This particular threshold is identified at both the micrometer scale via viability tests through Colony Forming Units (CFU) counting, and the nanometer scale via atomic force microscopy (AFM). At this nanometer scale, AFM emphasizes the interaction between the cell membrane and SiO 2-NPs from both topographic and mechanical points of view. For SiO 2-NPs with Φ > Φ c no change in E. coli morphology nor its outer membrane (OM) organization is observed unless the NPs are positively charged in which case reorganization and disruption of the OM are detected. Conversely, when Φ < Φ c , E. coli exhibit unusual spherical shapes, partial collapse, even lysis, and OM reorganization.
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Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2017, 245, pp.81-91. 〈10.1016/j.cis.2017.04.012〉
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Marion Mathelié-Guinlet, Laure Béven, Fabien Moroté, Daniel Moynet, Christine Grauby-Heywang, et al.. Historical perspective Probing the threshold of membrane damage and cytotoxicity effects induced by silica nanoparticles in Escherichia coli bacteria. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2017, 245, pp.81-91. 〈10.1016/j.cis.2017.04.012〉. 〈hal-01540158〉

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