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Journal Articles Optics Express Year : 2023

Intensity noise in difference frequency generation-based tunable femtosecond MIR sources

M Natile
  • Function : Author
F Guichard
  • Function : Author
Y Zaouter
  • Function : Author
M Joffre
A Bonvalet
F Druon
Marc Hanna
P Georges

Abstract

We characterize the intensity noise of two mid-infrared (MIR) ultrafast tunable (3.5-11 µm) sources based on difference frequency generation (DFG). While both sources are pumped by a high repetition rate Yb-doped amplifier delivering 200 µJ 300 fs at a central wavelength of 1030 nm, the first is based on intrapulse DFG (intraDFG), and the second on DFG at the output of an optical parametric amplifier (OPA). The noise properties are assessed through measurement of the relative intensity noise (RIN) power spectral density and pulse-to-pulse stability. The noise transfer mechanisms from the pump to the MIR beam is empirically demonstrated. As an example, improving the pump laser noise performance allows reduction of the integrated RIN (IRIN) of one of the MIR source from 2.7% RMS down to 0.4% RMS. The intensity noise is also measured at various stages and in several wavelength ranges in both laser system architectures, allowing us to identify the physical origin of their variation. This study presents numerical values for the pulse to pulse stability, and analyze the frequency content of the RINs of particular importance for the design of low-noise high repetition rate tunable MIR sources and future high performance time-resolved molecular spectroscopy experiments.
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Dates and versions

hal-04072416 , version 1 (18-04-2023)

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Q Bournet, M Natile, M Jonusas, F Guichard, Y Zaouter, et al.. Intensity noise in difference frequency generation-based tunable femtosecond MIR sources. Optics Express, 2023, 31, ⟨10.1364/oe.486509⟩. ⟨hal-04072416⟩
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