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Protein-Level Statistical Analysis of Quantitative Label-Free Proteomics Data with ProStaR

Samuel Wieczorek 1 Florence Combes 1 Hélène Borges 1 Thomas Burger 1
1 EDyP - Etude de la dynamique des protéomes
BGE - UMR S1038 - Laboratoire de Biologie à Grande Échelle
Abstract : ProStaR is a software tool dedicated to differential analysis in label-free quantitative proteomics. Practically, once biological samples have been analyzed by bottom-up mass spectrometry-based proteomics, the raw mass spectrometer outputs are processed by bioinformatics tools, so as to identify peptides and quantify them, by means of precursor ion chromatogram integration. Then, it is classical to use these peptide-level pieces of information to derive the identity and quantity of the sample proteins before proceeding with refined statistical processing at protein-level, so as to bring out proteins which abundance is significantly different between different groups of samples. To achieve this statistical step, it is possible to rely on ProStaR, which allows the user to (1) load correctly formatted data, (2) clean them by means of various filters, (3) normalize the sample batches, (4) impute the missing values, (5) perform null hypothesis significance testing, (6) check the well-calibration of the resulting p-values, (7) select a subset of differentially abundant proteins according to some false discovery rate, and (8) contextualize these selected proteins into the Gene Ontology. This chapter provide a detailed protocol on how to perform these eight processing steps with ProStaR.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 25, 2021 - 2:31:19 PM
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Samuel Wieczorek, Florence Combes, Hélène Borges, Thomas Burger. Protein-Level Statistical Analysis of Quantitative Label-Free Proteomics Data with ProStaR. Proteomics for Biomarker Discovery, pp.225-246, 2019, Methods in Molecular Biology, ⟨10.1007/978-1-4939-9164-8_15⟩. ⟨hal-02284988⟩

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