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Nouvelles voies d’accès aux composés fluoroalkylséléniés

Abstract : Nowadays, organofluorine compounds are widely used, with applications in all fields of life sciences (pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals) as well as materials. This growing interest is due to the unique properties induced by fluorinated motifs. In this context, the association of fluorine with heteroatoms such as chalcogens allows its properties of interest (lipophilicity, conformation, metabolic stability) to be modulated. The development of OCF3, SCF3 and their derivatives has significantly expanded during the past two decades. Despite its promising properties, the selenylated analog SeCF3 has been less studied. Indeed, selenium is well known to be more toxic. Thus, only few methodologies were reported in the literature. However, selenium is an essential trace element for humans and it is well studied in medicinal chemistry for its anti-oxidant properties. This manuscript is devoted to the direct introduction of the fluoroalkylselenylated moiety SeRF onto organic substrates through two generations of reagents: fluoroalkylselenyl chlorides, ClSeRF and fluoroalkyltolueneselenosulfonates, TsSeRF. On the one hand, the former was involved in various electrophilic reactions. On the other hand, the design and the synthesis of the latter allowed challenging transformations to be achieved. Moreover, depending on the conditions, TsSeRF derivatives appeared to be highly versatile since the fluorinated motif can be introduced as electrophile, radical or nucleophile. This unique behavior can be a useful synthetic tool in organofluorine chemistry. TsSeRF reagents are already well established in modern strategies for the introduction of fluoroalkylselenylated moieties. Nevertheless, efforts are still needed to shed some light on the toxicity of the SeRF-containing molecules. Such improvements will pave the way for future applications of this chemistry.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 18, 2019 - 11:40:26 AM
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Clément Ghiazza. Nouvelles voies d’accès aux composés fluoroalkylséléniés. Chimie organique. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE1210⟩. ⟨tel-02367916⟩

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