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Statistical analysis of organs' shapes and deformations: the Riemannian and the affine settings in computational anatomy

Abstract : Computational anatomy is an emerging discipline at the interface of geometry, statistics and medicine that aims at analyzing and modeling the biological variability of organs' shapes at the population level. Shapes are equivalence classes of images, surfaces or deformations of a template under rigid body (or more general) transformations. Thus, they belong to non-linear manifolds. In order to deal with multiple samples in non-linear spaces, a consistent statistical framework on Riemannian manifolds has been designed over the last decade. We detail in this chapter the extension of this framework to Lie groups endowed with the affine symmetric connection, a more invariant (and thus more consistent) but non-metric structure on transformation groups. This theory provides strong theoretical bases for the use of one-parameter subgroups and diffeomorphisms parametrized by stationary velocity fields (SVF), for which efficient image registration methods like log-Demons have been developed with a great success from the practical point of view. One can further reduce the complexity with locally affine transformations , leading to parametric diffeomorphisms of low dimension encoding the major shape variability. We illustrate the methodology with the modeling of the evolution of the brain with Alzheimer's disease and the analysis of the cardiac motion from MRI sequences of images.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-02925156
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Submitted on : Monday, August 31, 2020 - 1:07:42 PM
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Xavier Pennec. Statistical analysis of organs' shapes and deformations: the Riemannian and the affine settings in computational anatomy. Jean-François Uhl; Joaquim Jorge; Daniel Simoes Lopes; Pedro F Campos. Digital Anatomy - Applications of Virtual, Mixed and Augmented Reality, Springer Nature, In press, Human–Computer Interaction Series. ⟨hal-02925156⟩

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